Romans 1-3 Inductive Study ~ Week 3

The DIG Gals Bible Study is designed to walk you through the steps of Inductive Study in our third week of studying Romans 1-3.

Following the format of the previous week, we will continue with the Observation of marking keywords, identifying the questions that Paul asks and answers plus we will determine the chapter themes based on our findings.

You can catch up with our previous studies: DIG Gals Bible Study: Romans 1-3 ~ Week 1 and Marking Keywords: Romans 1-3 Bible Study (Week 2) along with DIG Gals Bible Study: Romans 1-3 Overview.

The study aids you will need are:

  • the Romans Chapters 1-3 Worksheet. Print, fold in half and staple in the centre to make a booklet
  • download and print the necessary study material such as the Master Keyword List and download only Kari King Dent’s Keyword List (I use this for reference only)
  • gather the tools needed, ie, Micron pens, colour pencils, etc.
  • join the DIG Gals Bible Study group on Facebook to participate in the study group discussion

To access the study aids, you will need to sign up to the Insiders Pod. The initial email will arrive in your inbox with the password for the Library. Subsequently, you will receive weekly emails that contain exclusive stories that are not published on the blog as well as Bible studies or faith messages just for you. You will have access to free printables and kept up-to-date with the most recent publications.

When you sign up, the initial email will arrive right away with the password for the Insiders Pod Library. Sign up using the form, below.

Are you ready? Let’s begin with prayer.

Father God, thank you so much for the time I have in studying your Word. Holy Spirit, slow me down as I read Your Word and teach me how to carefully observe what I am reading. May the skills that I learn with Observation be carried over in other areas of my life. Help me to ‘see’ clearly so I can Interpret the truth which I can Apply for a closer walk with You. In Jesus’ name, Amen.


Marking Keywords

Reviewing your Romans 1-3 Worksheet, we have seven keywords to mark and they are:

  • wrath
  • judge (judgment)
  • believe
  • sin
  • hope
  • Gentiles
  • Spirit

Before we begin to mark the keywords, and especially if it has been awhile since you read the three chapters, I suggest that you take the time to read all three chapters without thought of coding at this point. It is important to familiarize yourself with the text. If you have any questions while reading, write down your question on the last page of your worksheet so you remember to come back to it later to determine the answer.


Romans 1-3 Inductive Study | Bible Study | Romans 1-3 | DIG Gals Study
Free Stock Photo: Aaron Burden of Unsplash


Again, as I mark the keywords, I double up and mark two at a time. Determine the code you will use for each word, indicate that code on both your Master Keyword List (download from the Insiders Pod Library) and the Worksheet Keyword list on page 6. Once this is determined, read through the chapters as you focus on the first two words, wrath and judge. Then repeat the process until all the keywords are marked.


Keyword Examples

When I mark the word wrath, I use a red Micron pen and mark 2 red underlines under the word, like this.

On the Worksheet:

On the Master Keyword List:

In the Bible Text:

As you can see, I show you all the coding I use to mark the remaining keywords. So, two by two, go through the three chapters and mark all of the keywords.



Worksheet Notes

However, don’t let this just be an exercise of simply marking the keywords. While that is the objective, you also want to be aware of the words themselves. What are you observing about them?

For example, as you complete your worksheet, ask the 5 W’s and H for each keyword. What do you learn about wrath? It is first mentioned in Romans 2:5 But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, (NKJV).

Take your time as you study this. Remember, this isn’t a race. You want to understand the Word of God and that often means that you study it slowly. If you aren’t sure what the verse means, read the surrounding verses for context.

In this example of verse 5, the context is Paul is speaking to the Jews who have been judging one another and in so doing, they have been condemning themselves (2:1).

The next verse (Romans 2:3), Paul asks the question and I’m paraphrasing here, do you think you are special and will escape the judgment of God even though you are doing the same thing they are doing? This leads into verses 4 and 5 where he states that their hearts had become hard and unrepentant and they are therefore incurring wrath upon themselves in the day of wrath which is the righteous judgment from God. Keeping context, the next verse finishes off with Who will render to every man according to his deeds: (KJV). No one will escape the judgment of God!


Further Study

Some words are easy to understand, as far as the English language is concerned, but do remember that the original Greek may have a different meaning. Every now and then, take it upon yourself to look behind the obvious for the original meaning by searching through good reference books such as Vine’s Expository Dictionary or Strong’s Dictionary of Bible Words.

Continue completing the notes on page 5 of the worksheet, recording your findings for Judgment of God and Sin. As I studied these three chapters, one other word kept appearing and that is law. I added this in the final square on page 5. You can do that as well unless a different word stood out for you that you want to record.



Questions and Answers

Did you notice that Paul asked a lot of questions and then answered them himself? To spot these questions easily, I put a question mark (?) in the margin next to the question. You might want to do this as well. Read through the chapters again and as you come across Paul’s questions, indicate them in the margin.

Once you have the questions indicated, you can list the questions and answers on page 7 on your worksheet. We’ll talk about some of these questions over in the Facebook DIG Gals Bible Study Group so hang on to your worksheet when you go over there.

To paraphrase one of Paul’s questions, when one teaches other people, do you not teach yourself as well? Paul was making a point in verses 20-24 and ended with saying that through the Jews, the name of God was blasphemed among the Gentiles because they dishonoured God by being double-minded, judging others for the very thing they did themselves. In your opinion, are believers still guilty of this?



Chapter Themes

The last part of this study is to determine the themes for each chapter. This can be easily done by reviewing your worksheet notes. Look at each chapter and take note of the keywords present in that chapter. What stands out to you? What is prevalent? Record your answer on page 6. Some chapters may have more than one theme and if so, record both of them.

Since this is a personal study, your study, your answers are based on your findings. They are also based on your prayer asking Holy Spirit to teach you. Therefore your answers are ‘right’. Don’t second guess yourself, thinking that someone else might have a different answer than you. If they do, it’s okay.




Did you enjoy this study on Romans 1-3? How do you like the inductive study method? Is it a method you would continue with to dig deep into the Word? I hope so, though I know it is hard to learn when we are doing it via the airwaves like this. But I hope that these studies have shown you how it is done and you have been equipped to continue on with other studies.


Oh, by the way, if you haven’t joined already, stop by the DIG Gals Bible Study Group on Facebook. We will begin discussing this week’s assignment in a few days. Click here to join the study group.

DIG Gals Online Bible Study Group
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I’d love to hear your thoughts on this study method. Do you like it? Studying in this manner, through these posts, are they helpful or do you find it frustrating? If so, what would you suggest in the way of improvements to lessen your frustration? Please leave a comment or two, I’d love to hear from you.



The DIG Gals finish up Observing the Text in Romans 1-3. Study with us as we wrap up Observation before moving on to Interpreting what we learned.

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Lovin' the Word of God - reading it - studying it - sharing it - living it!

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